Cyber Security

What is cyber security?

Cyber security can be defined as the collective approaches, technologies, and processes that help protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of computer systems, networks, and data, against cyber attacks or unauthorized access. 

Given that organizational assets consist of several disparate systems, an efficient and successful cyber security strategy involves concerted efforts across all of its information systems.

What is a cyber-attack?

A cyber-attack is a deliberate attempt by external or internal threats or attackers to manipulate and compromise the confidentiality, credibility, and accessibility of a target organization or individual’s information systems. Cyber-attackers use illegal techniques, tools and strategies to inflict harm and destruction, or to obtain unauthorized access to computers, equipment, networks, applications and databases.

Cyber-attacks come in a wide variety and some of the essential ones that hackers and attackers use to hack malware are listed below:

  1. Malware
  2. Ransomware
  3. Injection attacks (e.g., cross-site scripting, SQL injection, command injection)
  4. Session management and Man-in-the-Middle attacks
  5. Phishing
  6. Denial of service
  7. Privilege escalations
  8. Unpatched/Vulnerable software
  9. Remote code execution
  10. Brute force